The relationship between Aeschynomene americana L. and root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.)

by Stephanie Randa L. Hardy

Written in English
Cover of: The relationship between Aeschynomene americana L. and root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) | Stephanie Randa L. Hardy
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Subjects:

  • Aeschynomene americana,
  • Forage plants,
  • Meloidogyne,
  • Root-knot,
  • Diseases and pests

Edition Notes

Statementby Stephanie Randa L. Hardy
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 124 leaves :
Number of Pages124
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25927969M
OCLC/WorldCa15525200

Summary. Root‐knot nematodes (RKNs) Meloidogyne spp. cause major damage to cultivated woody plants. Among them, Prunus, grapevine and coffee are the crops most infested by worldwide polyphagous species and species with a more limited distribution and/or narrower host identification and characterization of natural sources of resistance are important . MANAGEMENT OF NEMATODES BY PERIWINKLE J.. by PATEL, C.C. PATEL and N.A. THAKAR Summary. Pink and white periwinkles were examined in pot experiments as trap plants for root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica). Pots were inoculated with eggs or second stage juveniles per plant and after three months were. its efficacy against root knot nematodes. Root knot nematodes @ eggs were added to the rhizosphere of each plant after 10 days of transplantation except C0 (control un-inoculated) and C2 (Control with extracts). The aqueous extracts of A. . Major Nematode Species: Two nematode species that inflict significant injury to Arizona’s cotton crop are root-knot and lesion nematodes. Root-knot nematodes account for more damage than lesion nematodes. In a typical year, more than , acres in the state’s eight county producing area are planted in upland and Pima cotton.

root-knot nematodes showed distorted feeder roots and root galls of large (6 to 8 mm) to moderate (2 to 3 mm) size. Galls occurred either singly or in clusters on the root. Other important plant-parasitic nematodes that were detected in bulk soil and roots of olive planting stocks included spiral (Helicotylenchus spp.), and pin nematodes. Suppressive effect of tlle root-knot nematode on Fusarium wilt of musktielons”J Daniel ORION * and David NETZER ** *Division of Nematology and l *Division of Plant Pathology, Institute of Plant Profectlon, Agricultrrral Research Organisation, The Voleuni Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel. AGFACTS Root knot disease and its control Agfact AB.1, third edition Dr L Rahman, Plant Pathologist, National Wine and Grape Industry Centre, . This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Citrus root-knot nematode. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

Root knot nematodes are very small, colorless, and nearly impossible to see with your naked eye. However, these little devils wreak havoc on plants by piercing plant cells and feeding on their juices. Although you may not be able to see the actual culprit, the damage the nematode causes is relatively easy to recognize. Efficacy of Nematicides for Controlling Sting and Root-Knot Nematodes on Cucum bers H. L. Rhoades Nematodes Associated with Vegetable Crops in Two North Florida Counties N. B. Khuong and G. C. Smart, Jr. The Relative Abundance of Nematodes in an Established Field Crop Rotation R. A. Kinloch and M. C. Lutrick Other articles where Northern root-knot nematode is discussed: plant disease: Nematode diseases: species, however, such as the northern root-knot nematode (M. hapla), are found where soil may freeze to depths of nearly a metre. Vegetables, cotton, strawberry, and orchard trees are commonly attacked. Garden plants and ornamentals frequently become infested . Nematodes are microscopic worm-like organisms that attack the roots of plants. Damaged roots result in a reduced uptake of nutrients and water. important nematodes on fruit Pome fruit is primarily attacked by root-lesion, dagger and stubby root nematodes. Root-knot nematodes,File Size: KB.

The relationship between Aeschynomene americana L. and root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) by Stephanie Randa L. Hardy Download PDF EPUB FB2

Material Information Title: The relationship between Aeschynomene americana L. and root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) Creator: Hardy, Stephanie Randa L., Keywords: Aeschynomene americana, Amaranthus retroflexus, Cyperus esculentus, Eleusine indica, Florida, host status, nematode reproduction, Portulaca oleracea, root-knot nematodes, Solanum americanum Sandy soils and subtropical environmental conditions in many agricultural production areas of Florida make nematode control extremely by: 9.

Root-knot nematodes are plant-parasitic nematodes from the genus exist in soil in areas with hot climates or short winters. About plants worldwide are susceptible to infection by root-knot nematodes and they cause approximately 5% of global crop loss.

Root-knot nematode larvae infect plant roots, causing the development of root-knot galls that drain the Class: Secernentea. Root-knot nematodes display marked sexual dimorphism, i.e., the females are pyriform or saccate, the males vermiform (Figs.

lA,B, 2). These general differences in body shape. The relationship between root-knot nematodes and purple nutsedge appears to be one of commensalism, because while the nematodes reproduced effectively, purple nutsedge reproduction was The relationship between Aeschynomene americana L.

and root-knot nematodes book related. Figure 3. Adult female root-knot nematodes extruding egg masses inside a galled portion of root. 6 Figure 4.

Symptoms of root-knot nematode. 7 Figure 5. Root-knot nematode feeding on potato tubers. 10 Figure 6. Symptoms of root knot nematode on carrot. 11 Figure 7.

Typical relationship between nematode numbers in the soil at planting and. A SPECIES OF ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE THAT HAS NOT As you study this guide, note that four different species of root-knot nematodes are present in Georgia, each with a different host range.

Of these, southern, peanut and Javanese are the most impor-tant. The Extension Nematology Laboratory will identify cause-effect relationship between. tableofcontents page acknowledgements ^ abstract.

iv introduction. 1 reviewofliterature 4 materialsandmethods 11 part1 15 part2 21 resultsanddiscussion 25 part1. Root knot nematodes, probably M. incognita, have been estimated to cause 50 to 60% yield losses in parts of Turkey and losses of 25% from field infestation and 50% if the infestation started in the seedbed in India (Shepherd and Barker, ).

The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne fallax Karssen is closely related to M. chitwoodi Golden, O'Bannon, Santo & Finley. Both species have a wide host range and have been designated as quarantine nematodes by several countries.

Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa L.) is considered a poor host for M. chitwoodi (2,3), but the host status for M. fallax in unknown. Duringa. INTRODUCTION. Root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) are among the most damaging pathogens of many crops worldwide and are important pests in Europe ().Chemical nematicides are costly and restricted due to their adverse impact on the environment and human health, whereas cultural control or host plant resistance are often not practical or not available ().Cited by: • Root-knot nematode infected plants have swellings on the roots and usually are stunted and unproductive.

• Root-knot nematode has a very wide host range, and once introduced, it is difficult to control. • Root-knot nematode is most common in File Size: KB.

Root-knot nematodes are the most economically important nematodes on a worldwide basis. Prediction of the crop loss that a certain population density of nematode may cause is of importance to decide whether to cultivate a plant or not.

It is also of use for choosing the most suitable managing strategies. A pot experiment was devised to determine the Cited by: 1. 1 Interaction between Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne graminicola and Oomycete Pythium arrhenomanes on Rice Roots Md. Zahangir Alam1, 2 1 Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium 2 in Nematology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium Summary - Both.

Introduction. Root knot nematodes (RKN; Meloidogyne spp.) are ranked as the most economically damaging group of plant parasitic nematodes (Jones et al., ) with a global distribution (Sasser, ).The genus Meloidogyne is composed of about species, with M.

arenaria, M. incognita, and ca being considered as “major” species (Elling, Cited by: Full text of "Sampling and detection of trichodorid nematodes and tobacco rattle virus on corky-ringspot-affected potato tubers" See other formats.

Among the natural products extracted from plants, tannins have been reported to possess antihelmintic properties especially for gastrointestinal nematodes in ruminants. Also, they are toxic to a wide range of fungi, bacteria and yeasts.

Therefore, an in vitro and a glasshouse pot experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effect of chestnut tannins on the control of the Cited by: Aeschynomene americana - thrives here in variety of situations root knot nematodes/biological control Influence of Tagetes patula and Arachis hypogea on Meloidogyne incognita.

Tagetes spp. affect 14 species of plant parasitic nematodes. Observations on plant-parasitic relationship between the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica and.

Extract of neem (Azadirachta indica.L) seed was used to control the root knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica of sweet gourd. Extract of neem seed was found to be leathal to the juvenile of M. javanica compared to the extracts of bark and leaf of neem.

Pot experiment with standard `S` concentration of all the extracts both in side drench and root-dipping methods. Management of root knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on tomato with botanicals B Saravanapriya* and M Sivakumar Department of Nematology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore –Tamil Nadu, India *Correspondent author, E-mail: [email protected] Abstract A field experiment was conducted for the management of Cited by: 7.

If infected by microscopic southern root-knot nematodes, cotton roots swell in response. The knots serve as feeding sites where the nematodes grow, produce more eggs and stunt the plant’s growth.

Breeding for resistance to nematodes increased in importance when some of the chemical treatment options that Georgia farmers used to combat the. Northern root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne hapla) is a species of vegetable pathogens which produces tiny galls on around crop and weed species.

They invade root tissue after birth. Females are able to lay up to 1, eggs at a time in a large egg mass. By surviving harsh winters, they can survive in cold climates (hence, the name, Northern).Family: Heteroderidae. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.

NEMATODES OF. FORAGE LEGUMES AND GRASSES. Catalogue and Bibliography Compiled by Julie M. Stanton and Nora Rizo P. Co-published by C'A-B International and the International Center.

Background: Root-knot nematodes is a major pest and difficult to control in vegetable crops ia chlamydosporia is an egg-parasitic fungus which attracts attention as a control agent of root-knot nematodes. Weeds serve as potential hosts for both root-knot nematodes and objectives of this study was to assess several weed Author: Pavlos Bouchagier, Sift Desk.

Head of male Meloidogyne floridensis (original magnification 7,x). Scanning electron microscope image courtesy Zafar Handoo. Click to view a larger version. Root-Knot Nematode Species Identified By Sharon Durham Aug A root-knot nematode species, previously unnamed and assumed to be “race 3” of Meloidogyne incognita, has now been.

Tomato bacterial wilt and nematodes species differing in their trophic specialization, is investigated. In addition, an attempt to control this synergistic effect on bacterial wilt development was assessed' by combining the Mi gene governing resistance to root-knot nematodes with two bacterial-wilt resistant tomato genotypes.

There are several plant parasitic nematodes that cause problems on landscape and garden plants in Arizona and the most widespread and economically important are the root-knot nematodes.

This article discusses the hosts and environmental conditions, symptoms and disease of root-knot nematode, and the prevention / control method to it.

If diagnoses were based on symptoms alone, disease could easily be mistakenly attributed to Meloidogyne, thus these nematodes are familiarly known as false root-knot nematodes. The pathogen was named in honor of Na than August us Cobb = Nacobbus, the pioneering USDA pathologist who is commonly referred to as the Father of American Nematology.

Resistance to the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne spp. would be a valuable attribute of lettuce Lactuca sativa L. cultivars grown in tropical regions. The looseleaf lettuce ‘Grand Rapids’ is resistant to both M. incognita and M. javanica. Resistance to M.

incognita has a high. This well produced book comprises 6 chapters covering introduction, hosts and distribution, laboratory methods, assessment of characters for identification, comparative morphology and descriptions, and lattice keys.

There are a few taxonomic changes. Chapters 4 and 5 are the 'meat' of the book and occupy about half its length. It is copiously illustrated; the line drawings Cited by: Double Cropping and Interplanting January - February TITLE: Double Cropping and Interplanting AUTHOR: Mary V.

Gold Alternative Farming Systems Information Center National Agricultural Library PUBLICATION DATE: August SERIES: QB UPDATES: QB NAL Call no.: aZN3 no CONTACT: Alternative Farming Systems Information .Protocol for identifying plant resistance to plant parasitic nematodes Prepared by the Society of Nematologists Plant Resistance Committee Meloidogyne (root knot) – R.S.

Hussey and G.J.W. Janssen. Root-knot nematodes:Meloidogyne Species. pages In Plant Resistance to Parasitic Nematodes eds. J.L.

Starr, R. Cook and J. Bridge.